[1] (IMAGE) The illustration for this article is from Gamiani, ou, Deux Nuits D'Exces (Paris: Le Jour de la Fete de Venus, L'an 8881 [1904?]). I thank Trinity College, Oxford for use of the materials of the Danson collection, for permission to re-print materials for scholarly purposes, and for their generous assistance.

[2] Robert Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre (New York: Vintage Books, 1985) p. 78.

[3] Autobiography of a Flea, (New York: Carol & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1983), pp. 190-191.

[4] In the Autobiography semen is showered into Julia's bowel even though all references are to vaginal rather than anal intercourse. The confusion between orifices does not come from any physiological misunderstanding. Instead it overlays the connotations of violent penetration with disembowelment.

[5] D'Arcy St. John, The Memoirs of Madge Bufford, or, A Modern Fanny Hill (New York: For Subscribers only, 1902), chapter XVII, pp. 74-80.

[6] Catherine Clinton "`Southern Dishonor': Flesh, Race, and Bondage", Carol Blesser, editor, In Joy and In Sorrow: Women, Family, and Marriage in the Victorian South, 1830-1900 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991) p. 52.

[7] Sweet Seventeen: the True Story of a Daughter's Awful Whipping and its Delightful if Direful Consequence, (Paris: [Charles Carrington], 1910) p. 31.

[8] Ibid, p. 35.

[9] Ibid, p. 37.